MIAC / CCMI

Compact Catalogue of Canadian Meteorites 

The 4th edition of the Natural History Museum catalogue of meteorites (Graham et al., 1985), lists only 46 authenticated meteorites for Canada, the world's second-largest country, compared with, e.g., Chile (35 from <8% of Canada's surface area) and India (33% of the area, yielding 124 meteorites from 18 states, 38 from the state of Uttar Pradesh alone). Traill (1980) noted that the National Museum in Ottawa had samples of 36 of the 46 Canadian meteorites. There are few discrepancies in nomenclature between his catalogue and Graham et al.; Traill omitted Wynyard and included the discredited Akpohon.In the past 14 years, the modest total of Canadian falls and finds has risen erratically by six or seven; Penouille, Lac Dodon and St-Robert in Quebec (albeit Leeds may be a synonym of Toluca; S.A. Kissin, unpublished data), Hodgeville and Burstall (Saskatchewan) and Toronto and Kitchener (Ontario). The following list contains 53 (52 without Leeds) approved and 5 discredited names from nine jurisdictions (only Nova Scotia, P. E. I. and Newfoundland currently lack any contenders for `provincial meteorite'!). Meteorites for which fundamental data (such as proper classification) are lacking include Hodgeville, Burstall, Kitchener and Holman Island.

If Leeds is really Toluca, the total is now 52 'Canadian' meteorites. The 52 include 13 falls and 39 finds. The source of this compilation, CANAMET, is a small 'metadatabase' of Canadian meteorites. This is the second 'official' printout of the catalogue (Wilson, 1997).

It should be useful in two contexts;

1. Planning research projects. The class, capsule history and total amount of each meteorite is presented. A glimpse of research history is provided by the number of references to each find or fall in the MINLIB annotated bibliographic database (see, e.g., Wilson and Mendelsohn, 1999). MINLIB now comprises 48,700 records; some 2,750 records are relevant to meteorites and nucleosynthesis, 3,600 (7.5%) to the larger field of meteorites, tektites, the K-T boundary, impact events and impact structures. The MINLIB citations for each of the 82 meteorites were totaled on January 24, 1999.

2. Provenance studies; see class, bulk Ni (wt.%) and/or the mole proportion of fayalite in olivine.

REFERENCES

GRAHAM, AL, BEVAN, AWR and HUTCHISON, R (1985) Catalogue of Meteorites. British Museum (Natural History), London, 4th edition, 460 pp.

TRAILL, RJ (1980) Catalogue of the National Meteorite Collection of Canada Revised to December 31, 1979. Geol. Surv. Canada Pap. 80­17, 19 pp.

WILSON, GC (1997) Recent meteoritics projects, including a compact catalogue of Canadian meteorites. IsoTrace Lab report, University of Toronto, 32 pp.

WILSON, GC and MENDELSOHN, J (1999) Coverage of Indian earth sciences in international bibliographic databases: GeoRef, GeoSEARCH and MINLIB. J. Geol. Soc. India 53, 17-26.
 
 


CANADIAN METEORITES

MAIN LISTING, CANADA (53)

Meteorite
Type
Class
Ni%
Metal
Fa%
Olivine
History
Date
Mass (kg)
ALBERTA (14)
Abee Chondrite EH5     Fall 1952 107
Belly River Chondrite H6   20 Find 1943 7.9
Bruderheim Chondrite L6   24 Fall 1960 303
Edmonton (Canada) Iron IIA 5.37   Find 1939 7.34
Ferintosh Chondrite L6   26 Find 1965 2.201
Innisfree Chondrite LL5   27 Fall 1977 4.58
Iron Creek Iron IIIA 7.72   Find 1869 175
Kinsella Iron IIIB 8.78   Find 1946 3.72
Mayerthorpe Iron IA 7.19   Find 1964 12.61
Millarville Iron IVA­ANOM 9.78   Find 1977 15.636
Peace River Chondrite L6   23 Fall 1963 45.76
Skiff Chondrite H4   18 Find 1966 3.54
Vilna Chondrite L5   25 Fall 1967 0.00014
Vulcan Chondrite H6   20 Find 1962 19
BRITISH COLUMBIA (2)
Beaver Creek Chondrite H4   19 Fall 1893 14
Revelstoke Chondrite CI     Fall 1965 0.001
MANITOBA (3)
Giroux Stony iron Pallasite 10.3 11 Find 1954 4.275
Homewood Chondrite L6   25 Find 1970 0.325
Riverton Chondrite H5   20 Find 1960 0.103
N.W.T. (2)
Great Bear Lake Chondrite H6   19 Find 1936 0.04
Holman Island Chondrite LL (?)   29 Find 1951 0.552
NEW BRUNSWICK (1)
Benton Chondrite LL6   31 Fall 1949 2.84
ONTARIO (12)
Blithfield Chondrite E6     Find 1910 1.83
De Cewsville Chondrite H6   18 Fall 1887 0.340
Dresden (Ontario) Chondrite H6   20 Fall 1939 47.7
Kitchener Chondrite (?)     Fall 1998 0.202
Madoc Iron IIIA 7.52   Find 1854 169
Manitouwabing Iron IIIA 7.34   Find 1962 39
Midland Iron IA     Find 1960 0.034
Osseo Iron IA 6.51   Find 1931 46.3
Shelburne Chondrite L5   24 Fall 1904 18.6
Thurlow Iron IIIB 9.92   Find 1888 5.5
Toronto Iron IAB 7.04   Find 1997 2.715
Welland Iron IIIA 8.77   Find 1888 8.16
QUEBEC (5)
Chambord Iron IIIA 7.53   Find 1904 6.6
Lac Dodon Iron IAB 8.64   Find 1993 0.800
Leeds [= Toluca?] Iron IA 8.08   Find 1931 1.445
Penouille Iron IAB 9.40   Find 1984 0.072
St­Robert Chondrite H5   19 Fall 1994 25.4
SASKATCHEWAN (12) 
Annaheim Iron IA­ANOM 7.74   Find 1916 10.4
Blaine Lake Chondrite L6     Find 1974 1.896
Bruno Iron IIA 5.79   Find 1931 13
Burstall Iron (?)     Find 1992 0.359
Catherwood Chondrite L6   25 Find 1965 3.92
Fillmore Iron IA     Find 1916 0.113
Garden Head Iron IR-ANOM 16.96   Find 1944 1.296
Hodgeville Chondrite H3­H4 (?)     Find 1996 7.0
Kinley Chondrite L6     Find 1965 2.44
Red Deer Hill Chondrite L6   26 Find 1975 2.51
Springwater Stony iron Pallasite 12.6 18 Find 1931 67.6
Wynyard Chondrite H5   18 Find 1968 3.479
YUKON (2)
Klondike (Gay Gulch) Iron IRANOM 15.06   Find 1901 0.483
Klondike (Skookum Gulch) Iron IVB 17.13   Find 1905 15.88

OTHERS - DISCREDITED (5)
Name Status Area Notes
Akpohon Discredited N.W.T. Dubious ­ synonym of Cape York
Eastman Discredited Quebec Dubious ­ no material
Otasawian Discredited Alberta Dubious ­ pseudometeorite
Prince George Discredited B.C. Dubious ­ fireball
Takysie Lake Discredited B.C. Dubious ­ pseudometeorite


FOREIGN, mostly famous, selected for comparison (24)

Meteorite Type Class Ni%Metal Fa%Olivine History Date Mass (kg)
Allende Chondrite CV3     Fall 1969 2000
Bjurbole Chondrite L4   26 Fall 1899 330
Campo del Cielo Iron IA 6.62   Find 1576 15000
Canyon Diablo Iron IA 6.98   Find 1891 30000
Chainpur Chondrite LL3.4   8­45 Fall 1907 8.66
Cold Bokkeveld Chondrite CM2   0­91 Fall 1838 5.14
Gibeon Iron IVA 7.68   Find 1836 18600
Hoba Iron IVB 16.56   Find 1920 60000
Holbrook Chondrite L6   25 Fall 1912 219
Indarch Chondrite EH4     Fall 1891 27
Jilin Chondrite H5   18 Fall 1976 4000
Juvinas Achondrite Eucrite     Fall 1821 91
Knyahinya Chondrite L5   25 Fall 1866 500
Kodaikanal Iron IIE­ANOM 8.22   Find 1898 16
Murchison Chondrite CM2     Fall 1969 100
Negrillos Iron IIA 5.41   Find 1936 28.5
Norton County Achondrite Aubrite     Fall 1948 1080
Orgueil Chondrite CI     Fall 1864 10.5
Paneth's Iron Iron IIIE 8.98   Find 1873 150
Parnallee Chondrite LL3.6   5­29 Fall 1857 68.9
Semarkona Chondrite LL3.0   20 Fall 1940 0.691
Sikhote Alin Iron IIB 5.87   Fall 1947 23000
Tieschitz Chondrite H3.6   10­55 Fall 1878 28
Toluca Iron IA 8.07   Find 1776 2100


Graham C. Wilson -- gcw@quartz.geology.utoronto.ca / turnstone@heydon.com  -- January 24, 1999