Exporting Rocks, Minerals,
The Cultural Property Export and Import Act is concerned only with instances
where minerals, meteorites and tektites that are "controlled cultural property"
(ie. items contained in the Canadian Cultural Property Export Control List)
will be exported - the actual issue of removal from a site, and any sale
material within Canada, is not within the jurisdiction of the Act.
Export of this material is not illegal. Some of it simply requires a permit for export, and the rest does not. Export is illegal only if someone tries to export such specimens without the required permit.
Meteorites and tektites, if recovered from Canadian soil (this includes from territorial waters, snow and ice, and surface finds), require a permit regardless of value.
For rocks/minerals recovered from Canadian soil (again, including finds from territorial waters, snow and ice, and surface finds), the following criteria determine what needs an export permit:
(a) a type mineral specimen or a described mineral specimen of any value;
(b) a single mineral specimen of a fair market value in Canada of more than $2,000;
(c) a collection of 10 or more mineral specimens of a fair market value in Canada of more than $5,000 recovered from a specific mine, quarry or locality;
(d) mineral specimens in bulk, recovered from a specific mineral occurrence, weighing 225 kg (500 pounds) or more of any value.
Any rocks/minerals that fall under the above descriptions need a permit; any that do not fall under the above descriptions can be exported without a permit.
Rocks, minerals, meteorites and tektites located in Canada, but which were not recovered from Canadian territory, may be exported from Canada without a permit.
For more information contact Heritage